What Are The Essential Components Of Primary Health Care

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Looking for components of phc? Inside you'll find essential components of primary health care and how they impact employee health and productivity. Read more

Looking for components of phc? Inside you'll find essential components of primary health care and how they impact employee health and productivity. Read more

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March 13, 2023
What Are The Essential Components Of Primary Health Care
What Are The Essential Components Of Primary Health Care

Do you find yourself overwhelmed by the sheer complexity of healthcare systems and unsure of where to start?

The pandemic has highlighted the importance of access to quality healthcare services. It has also exposed the critical gaps in India's healthcare system, leaving many HR leaders struggling to provide their employees with the care they need.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that primary health care can address 80-90% of a population's health needs, making it an essential component of any healthcare system.

But what exactly is primary health care (phc), and what are its essential components?

Primary health care addresses the needs of individuals, families, and communities. It encompasses a range of services, including health education, proper nutrition, prevention, and control of locally endemic diseases.

It also includes the provision of essential drugs, maternal and child health care, and treatment of communicable diseases.

By implementing a comprehensive primary healthcare program, leaders like you can provide their employees with access to quality healthcare services, improve their health outcomes, and reduce healthcare costs.

So, how can you implement primary health care programs for your employees? 

In this blog post, we'll understand the essential components of the primary health care system and how they can benefit your employees. So, let's dive into the elements of primary health care.

What Are The Four Pillars Of Primary Health Care?

1. Universal access

The first pillar of primary health care is universal access, which means that everyone, regardless of their socioeconomic status, gender, or ethnicity, should have access to essential health services. 

This includes services such as vaccinations, maternal and child health care, family planning, and treatment for common illnesses.

Universal access is crucial because it ensures that everyone has access to basic health services, regardless of their ability to pay. 

In India, healthcare costs can be prohibitively expensive for many people. Employers must ensure universal access to healthcare services to their employees to improve overall health outcomes.

2. Health promotion

The second pillar of primary health care is health promotion, which aims to improve the health of individuals and communities by promoting healthy behaviors and lifestyles. 

This includes activities such as health education, promoting proper nutrition, and encouraging regular physical activity.

Health promotion is essential because it can help prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. According to a report by the World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases account for 61% of all deaths in India, highlighting the need for effective health promotion strategies.

3. Disease prevention and control

This involves identifying and preventing the spread of communicable diseases, such as tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS. It also includes preventing and controlling local endemic diseases like dengue fever and chikungunya.

Disease prevention and control are critical because they can help reduce the disease burden in a community, improving overall health outcomes. 

In India, communicable diseases remain a significant public health challenge, with the country accounting for a quarter of the global TB burden.

4. Community participation

The fourth and final pillar of primary health care is community participation. It involves planning, implementation, and evaluation of primary health care services

Community participation can help ensure that primary health care services are tailored to the specific needs and priorities of the community, improving their overall effectiveness.

Community participation is crucial because it helps build trust between healthcare providers and the community, leading to better health outcomes.

In India, community participation has played a significant role in improving maternal and child health outcomes, with the introduction of community health workers helping to improve access to essential health services in rural areas.

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What Are The Essential Components Of Primary Health Care?

Primary health care encompasses a wide range of services, including preventive, promotive, and curative services. The following are the essential components of phc:

1. Health education

It s crucial to primary health care, empowering individuals to take charge of their health. It helps people to understand how to prevent and manage illnesses, make healthy lifestyle choices, and access health services.

For example, the government has implemented several health education programs to promote healthy behaviors and increase awareness about health issues.

The National Health Mission (NHM) is one such program that aims to improve the availability and accessibility of quality healthcare services in rural areas through health education and community participation.

2. Proper nutrition

It is vital for maintaining good health and preventing diseases. Primary health care should include nutrition education, counseling, and support to ensure that people have access to a balanced diet.

For instance, malnutrition is a significant health issue, with a prevalence of 22% among children under five.

To address this, the government has implemented various programs, such as the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and the National Nutrition Mission, to provide nutrition education, counseling, and support to vulnerable populations.

3. Prevention and control of locally endemic diseases

It involves the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that are prevalent in a particular region.

For example, malaria is a prevalent disease in India in many regions. The government has implemented several programs to prevent and control malaria, such as the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program, which provides insecticide-treated bed nets and indoor residual spraying to reduce the transmission of malaria.

4. Provision of essential drugs

It ensures people have access to essential medicines that are affordable, safe, and effective.

The government has implemented the Jan Aushadhi Scheme to provide affordable generic medicines to people. The scheme has helped increase access to essential medicines and reduce the financial burden on households.

These are the 4 main elements of phc.

Achieving Universal Health Coverage And Promoting Health Equity

Primary health care is the foundation of a healthy society. By investing in promoting wellness, organizations can improve the health of their employees, boost productivity, and reduce healthcare costs. 

If you want to provide comprehensive health care coverage to your employees, consider Loop’s group health insurance offerings. 

Visit to learn more and give your team the care they deserve.

What Are The Essential Components Of Primary Health Care
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